Language is an important medium to communicate and is existent since the dawn of mankind in this civilization. The need to communicate is inherent and does not require any physical motivation to exist. Similarly when computers were evolved to perform calculations and ease human burden, it became evident that a language need to be developed so that proper communication through the medium of this novel device could be materialized. Since the evolution of computers, some high level and some low level languages have been developed. The level signified the comprehension power of man versus machine. Where computers understood binary, man understood decimal. Thus a system was introduced which would ensure the compatibility of both elements interacting with each other.
A modern computer, exchanges and process information in a binary format only. That is in 0 and 1. We decipher information or data in ten digit decimal system format. Thus a translator or decoder is required which would interpret the data either way so that meaningful information could be ascertained.
Communication in binary is not a new concept. Infact it has been evident that communication never followed any predefined rules and regulations and always followed the desired or comfortable path as decided by the two channel members the sender on one hand and receiver on the other. In Australia many tribes used to communicate in binary, sending drum signals alternating the high or low pitch of the sound of drum. If we consider the code developed by Morse, he too used two digits dots and dashes which represented the alphabet.
In the modern day, computer use a binary system and has replaced the decimal system. This has been possible through an advanced digital capability to an amazing and unbelievable degree.
Binary simplifies and makes the information processing fast and error free. As there are only two symbols to comprehend, the processing system become very agile and Infact binary represents the smallest numbering system. Though the length of binary representation of a decimal number is quite high it gets compensated with the increase in speed, memory and efficiency. Rational utilization is also important as a computer does not always deal with pure numbers. It also functions for alphabets; pictures and sound which all are first reduced or converted to numerical equivalents which are further decoded in binary to enable the computer understand the input value.
Though it may sound a bit complicated and complex, and one might bewilder on a computer’s capability to covert the decimal inputs into binary, yet it is very simple and follows a very simple yet logical process. The numbers get converted to its base equivalent. For instance a decimal number with base ten gets converted to a binary number base 2. To covert from decimal to binary the figure’s place need to be ascertained and added upto the value. Thus conversion is a simple process which makes the computer process data fast and speedily. The entire computation takes place in the binary form and results are displayed in the decimal format so that it does not become difficult to interpret from the users view point.